Pettigrew Parks-The Family Who Landscaped Cardiff
Teacher's Notes

History of Cardiff;
In this section Andrew Pettigrew introduces himself and explains how he came to Cardiff to work for the Marquess of Bute in 1873. This introduction is in text form and it is expected that an adult will read it, although more able Key Stage 1 readers would be able to do so.

Family Trees;
Here Andrew Pettigrew introduces his three sons, and gives a brief resume of their respective careers. The Pettigrew family tree is shown as an example of how a family tree might look. Following this, pupils can choose to produce their own family tree. This is always a potentially difficult topic and should be dealt with sensitively, for this reason the tree can be built even if pupils do not fill in all blanks. This is viewed as an opportunity to highlight that historical researchers often encounter blanks in evidence.
This tree develops from the Key Stage 1 option by allowing pupils to add the names of paternal and maternal grandparents. This may be viewed as an introduction to the construction of family trees and teachers could extend the activity as appropriate.

Design a Park;
Andrew Pettigrew explains how the Marquess of Bute wanted a beautiful garden to impress his society friends. He then invites pupils to design their own public park by clicking on the link. A budget is set, pupils can click and drag items and place them on the park background until they spend their budget. These can then be printed- they make a delightful display! To print the image, simply ‘right click’ on the finished page and select ‘print’, followed by the number of copies required.

Dressing Game;
This activity is best suited to lower Key Stage 2. Andrew Pettigrew explains that there were differences between the clothing of the rich and poor, before inviting pupils to play a dressing game. The four models are displayed and teachers could use these to stimulate discussion e.g. What do you notice about this man? Describe his clothes? Are there any clues that tell us he might be rich/poor?
After clicking on the link to play the game, pupils are asked to choose male or female models. When choosing the male option, the models are labelled ‘rich landowner’ or ‘garden labourer’.  When choosing the female option, the models are labelled ‘Society Lady’ or ‘Maid’. Pupils should be encouraged to discuss what is meant by these terms. Pupils may then click and drag items of clothing to the correct model. Incorrect choices will ‘bounce back’ and give pupils an opportunity to try again. Pupils’ completed choices can then be printed. To print the image, simply ‘right click’ on the finished page and select ‘print’, followed by the number of copies required.

Wines of the World;
This activity is particularly effective as a whole class exercise - perhaps on an interactive whiteboard. Wine producing countries are highlighted on a map of the world. This is an opportunity to discuss pupils’ map recognition and ask questions. Indicate a particular highlighted region and ask “On which continent is this? Can you identify some of the highlighted regions? Are there any other countries/regions/continents you are able to recognise?” It is intended the activity will reinforce flag, and country recognition whilst highlighting the main wine producing regions of the world. This demonstrates just how unusual it was that Andrew Pettigrew grew vines at Cardiff Castle and Castell Coch. The question posed is “Where do you think this wine is produced?”. The bottle features a national flag, this is intended to stimulate discussion before the pupils click on the flag. The map zooms towards the correct choice. A dialogue box confirms e.g. Correct France.
To print the image, simply ‘right click’ on the finished page and select ‘print’, followed by the number of copies required.